Biomarker research

The use of haplotype-specific transcripts improves sample annotation consistency.

PMID 25285214


Exact sample annotation in expression microarray datasets is essential for any type of pharmacogenomics research. Candidate markers were explored through the application of Hartigans' dip test statistics to a publically available human whole genome microarray dataset. The marker performance was tested on 188 serial samples from 53 donors and of variable tissue origin from five public microarray datasets. A qualified transcript marker panel consisting of three probe sets for human leukocyte antigens HLA-DQA1 (2 probe sets) and HLA-DRB4 identified sample donor identifier inconsistencies in six of the 188 test samples. About 3% of the test samples require root-cause analysis due to unresolvable inaccuracies. The transcript marker panel consisting of HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DRB4 represents a robust, tissue-independent composite marker to assist control donor annotation concordance at the transcript level. Allele-selectivity of HLA genes renders them good candidates for "fingerprinting" with donor specific expression pattern.