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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

GDC-0980-induced apoptosis is enhanced by autophagy inhibition in human pancreatic cancer cells.


PMID 25285629

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer remains fatal to the fast majority of affected patients. Activation of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)-AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway plays an important role in pancreatic cancer progression and chemo-resistance. In the present study, we examined the activity of GDC-0980, a novel class I PI3K/mTOR kinase inhibitor, against pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. GDC-0980 inhibited AKT-mTOR activation and pancreatic cancer cell (PANC-1 and Capan-1 lines) survival. In both cancer cell lines, GDC-0980 simultaneously activated apoptosis and autophagy, the latter was detected by p62 degradation, Beclin-1 upregulation and light chain 3B (LC3B) conversion from a cytosolic (LC3B-I) to a membrane-bound (LC3B-II) form. Autophagy inhibitors including 3-methyladenine, hydroxychloroquine, NH4Cl and bafilomycin A1 enhanced apoptosis and cytotoxicity by GDC-0980, such an effect was reversed by caspase inhibitors (z-VAD-FMK and z-ITED-FMK). Furthermore, knockdown of LC3B or Beclin-1 through siRNA increased GDC-0980-induced anti-pancreatic cancer cell activity. Thus, inhibition of autophagy sensitizes GDC-0980-induced anti-pancreatic cancer activity, suggesting a novel therapeutic strategy for GDC-0980 sensitization.