Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)

Application of Intravascular Ultrasound in the Emergency Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

PMID 25287702


This study aimed to examine the application of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with high thrombus burden (thrombus grade ≥3) undergoing emergency diagnosis and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Eighty STEMI patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to the IVUS-guided group (38 patients) or non-IVUS group (42 patients). Stent implantation was performed in non-IVUS group patients. IVUS group patients were further divided into low-risk and high-risk patients on the basis of IVUS evaluation for determining whether stenting should be performed. Major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rates, changes in the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and ejection fraction (EF) values, and stent numbers were examined during hospitalization, and follow-up was performed at 1, 3, 6, and 12xa0months postoperatively. During hospitalization, there were no significant differences in the MACE rates, LVEDD, and EF values and in the follow-up outcomes at 1, 3, 6, and 12xa0months postoperatively among the patients in the 2 groups (Pxa0>xa00.05). A significantly lower number of stents were implanted in the IVUS group than in the non-IVUS group patients (Pxa0

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