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Neurochemical research

Interferon Gamma potentiates the injury caused by MPP(+) on SH-SY5Y cells, which is attenuated by the nitric oxide synthases inhibition.


PMID 25297574

Abstract

This study examined whether the cytokine interferon (IFN) gamma plays a role in the injury of SH-SY5Y cells caused by MPP(+) (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium). First of all, IFN-gamma sensitized cells to the neurotoxin MPP(+), as determined by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. MPP(+)-injured cells showed higher reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, which was reinforced by IFN-gamma. The injury triggered a marked expression of the neuronal NOS (nNOS) enzyme. L-NAME [N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, a non-specific NOS inhibitor] reestablished the cell viability after IFN-gamma challenging, and recovered cells from MPP(+) injury (95.0 vs. 84.7xa0%; Pxa0