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BMC cancer

Molecular characterisation of isogenic taxane resistant cell lines identify novel drivers of drug resistance.


PMID 25312014

Abstract

Taxanes such as paclitaxel and docetaxel are used successfully to treat breast cancer, usually in combination with other agents. They interfere with microtubules causing cell cycle arrest; however, the mechanisms underlying the clinical effects of taxanes are yet to be fully elucidated. Isogenic paclitaxel resistant (PACR) MDA‒MB‒231, paclitaxel resistant ZR75‒1 and docetaxel resistant (DOCR) ZR75‒1 cell lines were generated by incrementally increasing taxane dose in native cell lines in vitro. We used aCGH analysis to identify mechanisms driving taxane resistance. Taxane resistant cell lines exhibited an 18-170 fold increased resistance to taxanes, with the ZR75-1 resistant cell lines also demonstrating cross resistance to anthracyclines. Paclitaxel treatment of native cells resulted in a G2/M block and a decrease in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. However, in the resistant cell lines, minimal changes were present. Functional network analysis revealed that the mitotic prometaphase was lost in the resistant cell lines. This study established a model system for examining taxane resistance and demonstrated that both MDR and mitosis represent common mechanism of taxane resistance.