Pediatric surgery international

Effect of corticosteroids and lung ventilation in the VEGF and NO pathways in congenital diaphragmatic hernia in rats.

PMID 25316436


The use of dexamethasone (Dx) stimulates growth, fetal lung maturation and can improve pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Our aim was to evaluate the effect of Dx on the lung after fetal pulmonary ventilation in the CDH rat model. Some groups underwent prenatal treatment with dexamethasone (0.4xa0mg/kg) that was given at 18.5 gestational day (GD). Sprague-Dawley rat fetuses were divided into groups: control (C); ventilated control (CV); control exposed to dexamethasone (CDx); ventilated control exposed to dexamethasone (CVDx); congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), ventilated CDH (CDHV), CDH exposed to dexamethasone (CDHDx) and ventilated CDH exposed to dexamethasone (CDHVDx). At 21.5 GD fetuses were delivered by C-section, weighed and ventilated for 30xa0min. We analyzed the lung morphometry by Masson's Trichrome stain, and VEGF, VEGFR1, VEGFR2 and NOS3 expression by immunohistochemistry. All fetuses with CDH, with or without prenatal dexamethasone showed lung and body weight lower than control fetuses (pxa0