Molecular pharmaceutics

Moxifloxacin-loaded nanoemulsions having tocopheryl succinate as the integral component improves pharmacokinetics and enhances survival in E. coli-induced complicated intra-abdominal infection.

PMID 25317848


In the present work, a novel nanoemulsion laden with moxifloxacin has been developed for effective management of complicated intra-abdominal infections. Moxifloxacin nanoemulsion fabricated using high pressure homogenization was evaluated for various pharmaceutical parameters, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) in rats with E. coli-induced peritonitis and sepsis. The developed nanoemulsion MONe6 (size 168 ± 28 nm and zeta potential (ZP) 24.78 ± 0.45 mV, respectively) was effective for intracellular delivery and sustaining the release of MOX. MONe6 demonstrated improved plasma (AUC(MONe6/MOX) = 2.38-fold) and tissue pharmacokinetics of MOX (AUC(MONe6/MOX) = 2.63 and 1.47 times in lung and liver, respectively). Calculated PK/PD index correlated well with a reduction in bacterial burden in plasma as well as tissues. Enhanced survival on treatment with MONe6 (65.44%) and as compared to the control group (8.22%) was a result of reduction in lipid peroxidation, neutrophil migration, and cytokine levels (TNF-α and IL6) as compared to untreated groups in the rat model of E. coli-induced sepsis. Parenteral nanoemulsions of MOX hold a promising advantage in the therapy of E. coli-induced complicated intra-abdominal infections and is helpful in the prevention of further complications like septic shock and death.