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Journal of proteomics

iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis of Brassica napus leaves reveals pathways associated with chlorophyll deficiency.


PMID 25317966

Abstract

Photosynthesis, the primary source of plant biomass, is important for plant growth and crop yield. Chlorophyll is highly abundant in plant leaves and plays essential roles in photosynthesis. We recently isolated a chlorophyll-deficient mutant (cde1) from ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) mutagenized Brassica napus. Herein, quantitative proteomics analysis using the iTRAQ approach was conducted to investigate cde1-induced changes in the proteome. We identified 5069 proteins from B. napus leaves, of which 443 showed differential accumulations between the cde1 mutant and its corresponding wild-type. The differentially accumulated proteins were found to be involved in photosynthesis, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, carbon fixation, spliceosome, mRNA surveillance and RNA degradation. Our results suggest that decreased abundance of chlorophyll biosynthetic enzymes and photosynthetic proteins, impaired carbon fixation efficiency and disturbed redox homeostasis might account for the reduced chlorophyll contents, impaired photosynthetic capacity and increased lipid peroxidation in this mutant. Epigenetics was implicated in the regulation of gene expression in cde1, as proteins involved in DNA/RNA/histone methylation and methylation-dependent chromatin silencing were up-accumulated in the mutant. Biological significance Photosynthesis produces more than 90% of plant biomass and is an important factor influencing potential crop yield. The pigment chlorophyll plays essential roles in light harvesting and energy transfer during photosynthesis. Mutants deficient in chlorophyll synthesis have been used extensively to investigate the chlorophyll metabolism, development and photosynthesis. However, limited information is available with regard to the changes of protein profiles upon chlorophyll deficiency. Here, a combined physiological, histological, proteomics and molecular analysis revealed several important pathways associated with chlorophyll deficiency. This work provides new insights into the regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis and photosynthesis in higher plants and these findings may be applied to genetic engineering for high photosynthetic efficiency in crops.