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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Lgr4 is required for endometrial receptivity acquired through ovarian hormone signaling.


PMID 25351331

Abstract

Previously, using the Keratin5-Cre transgenic mouse model we reported that female Lgr4-conditional KO mice (Lgr4(K5 KO)) showed subfertility with defective stromal decidualization due to abnormal development of the uterine gland. However, the impact of the LGR4 defect on luminal epithelial cells was not investigated in the previous report. Here, we focused on the receptive state of the luminal epithelium in Lgr4(K5 KO) mice that received ovarian hormone treatment. In Lgr4(K5 KO) mice, progesterone failed to inhibit the luminal epithelial cell proliferation. Immunohistochemical and qRT-PCR analyses revealed down-regulated progesterone signaling in the uterus of Lgr4(K5 KO) mice. These results demonstrated that LGR4 is essential for the acquisition of endometrial receptivity through ovarian hormone signaling.