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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Effects of hydrophobic and ionic interactions on glycation of casein during Maillard reaction.


PMID 25363663

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of hydrophobic and ionic interactions on glycation of native and high-shear treated casein during heating. Casein-epicatechin and casein-calcium complexes were formed and glycated with glucose at different temperatures ranging from 70 to 150 °C in solution and dry states. Furosine, acid derivative of N-ε-fructoselysine (FL), and N-ε-carboxymethyl lysine (CML) were measured as indicators of early and advanced glycation, respectively. CML concentrations of casein-epicatechin and casein-calcium complexes heated in solution were significantly lower as compared to the control (p < 0.05). For instance, 182 ± 9.78 μg/g of CML formed in the control, while CML concentrations were 136 ± 10.7 and 101 ± 7.37 μg/g in casein-epicatechin and casein-calcium complexes, respectively, heated at 150 °C in the solution state. Treatment by high shear microfluidization further decreased the CML formed during heating at 70 °C in dry state. The results suggest that interactions with epicatechin molecule and calcium ion could be a useful strategy to limit advanced glycation of casein under certain conditions.

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