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Journal of biological inorganic chemistry : JBIC : a publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

The unique serine/threonine phosphatase from the minimal bacterium Mycoplasma synoviae: biochemical characterization and metal dependence.


PMID 25370051

Abstract

Serine/threonine protein phosphatases have been described in many pathogenic bacteria as essential enzymes involved in phosphorylation-dependent signal transduction pathways and frequently associated with the virulence of these organisms. An inspection of Mycoplasma synoviae genome revealed the presence of a gene (prpC) encoding a putative protein phosphatase of the protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) subfamily. Here, we report a complete biochemical characterization of M. synoviae phosphatase (PrpC) and the particular role of metal ions in the structure-function relationship of this enzyme. PrpC amino acid sequence analysis revealed that all the residues involved in the dinuclear metal center and the putative third metal ion-coordinating residues, conserved in PP2C phosphatases, are present in PrpC. PrpC is a monomeric protein able to dephosphorylate phospho-substrates with Mn(2+) ions' dependence. Thermal stability analysis demonstrated the enzyme stability at mild temperatures and the influence of Mn(2+) ions in this property. Mass spectrometry analysis suggested that three metal ions bind to PrpC, two of which with an apparent high-affinity constant. Mutational analysis of the putative third metal-coordinating residues, Asp122 and Arg164, revealed that these variants exhibited a weaker binding of manganese ions, and that both mutations affected PrpC phosphatase activity. According to these results, PrpC is a metal-dependent protein phosphatase member with an improved stability in the holo form and with Asp122, possibly implicated in the third metal-binding site, essential to catalytic activity.