Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)

The role of small heterodimer partner in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease improvement after sleeve gastrectomy in mice.

PMID 25376397


Bile acids (BA) are elevated after vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and farnesoid-X-receptor (FXR) is critical to the success of murine VSG. BA downregulate hepatic lipogenesis by activating the FXR-small heterodimer partner (SHP) pathway. The role of SHP in fatty liver disease improvement after VSG was tested. Wild type (WT), SHP liver transgenic (SHP-Tg), and SHP knockout (SHP-KO) high-fat diet (HFD) fed mice underwent either VSG or Sham surgery. Body weight, BA level and composition, steatosis, and BA metabolism gene expression were evaluated. Obese WT mice post-VSG lost weight, reduced steatosis, decreased plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT), had more BA absorptive ileal area, and elevated serum BA. Obese SHP-Tg mice post-VSG also lost weight and had decreased steatosis. SHP-KO mice were however resistant to steatosis despite weight gain on a HFD. Further SHP-KO mice that underwent VSG lost weight, but developed hepatic inflammation and had increased ALT. VSG produces weight loss independent of SHP status. SHP ablation creates a proinflammatory phenotype which is exacerbated after VSG despite weight loss. These inflammatory alterations are possibly related to factors extrinsic to a direct manifestation of NASH.