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Radiology

CT features of early type II endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms help predict aneurysm sac enlargement.


PMID 25380455

Abstract

To determine computed tomographic (CT) features of early type II endoleaks associated with aneurysm sac enlargement after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Institutional review board approval was not required for this retrospective study. The authors reviewed imaging and clinical data from 56 patients (seven women, 49 men; mean age ± standard deviation, 71 years ± 7.9; age range, 52-85 years) with early type II endoleak who had undergone EVAR between December 2002 and December 2011 and who had been followed up with imaging and clinical evaluation for at least 6 months. The number and diameter of all feeding and/or draining arteries were measured, and endoleaks were classified according to their sources into simple inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), simple lumbar artery (LA), complex LA, and complex IMA-LA type II endoleaks. Volume and attenuation of the nidus were measured. Aneurysm enlargement was defined as an increase in the aneurysm volume of more than 5% during follow-up. Simple and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify independent clinical and imaging variables associated with aneurysm enlargement. Twenty-three of the 56 patients (41%) showed aneurysm sac enlargement during follow-up (mean follow-up, 3.0 years ± 2.0). With the multivariate model, the variables that showed the strongest indicators for aneurysm sac enlargement were complex IMA-LA type II endoleak (odds ratio [OR] = 10.29, P = .004) and the diameter of the largest feeding and/or draining artery (OR = 4.55, P = .013). Patients without complex IMA-LA type II endoleak in whom the largest feeding and/or draining artery was larger than 3.8 mm and patients with a complex IMA-LA type II endoleak in whom the largest feeding and/or draining artery was larger than 2.2 mm were at high risk for aneurysm sac enlargement. The strongest indicators for aneurysm sac enlargement are complex IMA-LA type II endoleak and the diameter of the largest feeding and/or draining artery.