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Environmental monitoring and assessment

Utilization of biochar sorbents for Cd²⁺, Zn²⁺, and Cu²⁺ ions separation from aqueous solutions: comparative study.


PMID 25407990

Abstract

The objective of this study was to study the utilization of two different woody-derived biochars for Cd(2+), Zn(2+), and Cu(2+) ions separation from aqueous solutions. Physicochemical characterization confirmed the main differences in sorbent surface area and cation-exchange capacity. The maximum cadmium, zinc, and copper sorption capacities were 1.99, 0.97, and 2.50 mg g(-1) for biochar (BC) A; 7.80, 2.23, and 3.65 mg g(-1) for BC B. Sorption processes can be affected by time and pH. The most of sorbed cadmium and zinc were bound on exchangeable fractions and copper oxidizable fractions. Chemical modification and FT-IR analyses confirmed the crucial roles of hydroxyl and mainly carboxyl functional groups in sorption processes of Cd(2+), Zn(2+), and Cu(2+) ions by BC A and BC B. The garden wood rests with leaf mass-derived biochar can be utilized as an effective sorbent for bivalent ions.

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