EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Plastic and reconstructive surgery

Postoperative analgesia by infusion of local anesthetic into the surgical wound after modified radical mastectomy: a randomized clinical trial.


PMID 25415108

Abstract

There is no consensus on the efficacy of postoperative infusion of local anesthetics after radical mastectomy. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-groups clinical trial was conducted in a tertiary hospital. Eighty consecutive women with operable breast cancer with indications for modified radical mastectomy without breast reconstruction were assigned randomly to receive infusion of levobupivacaine (0.5%) or saline at 2 ml/hour for 48 hours through a wound catheter. Seventy-three women finished the study (intervention group, n = 34; control group, n = 39). During surgery, all patients received 0.25% levobupivacaine (30 ml). The levobupivacaine group reported less pain (p < 0.001) than controls in the postanesthesia care unit (1.6 ± 1.3 versus 6.7 ± 1.8) and on the ward at 24 (0.8 ± 0.9 versus 4.2 ± 1.9) and 48 (0.4 ± 0.7 versus 3.3 ± 2.3) hours. In the postanesthesia care unit, the levobupivacaine group consumed less metamizole (0.4 ± 0.5 versus 0.8 ± 0.4; p < 0.001) and dexketoprofen (0.1 ± 0.3 versus 0.7 ± 0.4; p < 0.001), with differences in paracetamol use being insignificant (0.8 ± 0.4 versus 0.9 ± 0.3; p = 0.140). On the ward, the levobupivacaine group used significantly less paracetamol (0.5 ± 0.7 versus 2.0 ± 2.0; p < 0.001) and metamizole (0.2 ± 0.4 versus 1.2 ± 1.4; p < 0.001), but differences in dexketoprofen were not significant (0.03 ± 0.2 versus 0.2 ± 0.6; p = 0.074). In the postanesthesia care unit, the levobupivacaine and control groups consumed 0 ± 0 and 0.7 ± 1.2 doses of opioids (p = 0.001), respectively. The authors observed no differences in nausea and vomiting at any stage in the postanesthesia care unit (0.2 ± 0.4 versus 0.4 ± 0.5; p = 0.081) or on the ward (0.3 ± 0.5 versus 0.4 ± 0.5; p = 0.563). All participants reported high levels of satisfaction. Continuous infusion of local anesthetic reduces pain and analgesic consumption, with high satisfaction, but does not affect rates of nausea and vomiting.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

B1160000 Bupivacaine hydrochloride, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
C18H28N2O · HCl