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Oncology reports

Effect of LIV1 on the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to trichostatin A.


PMID 25420545

Abstract

In a previous study, we used a functional gene screen approach to identify the key genes responsible for the tumor-selective action of trichostatin A (TSA), of which LIV1, a novel zinc transporter, was isolated by its marked ability to confer resistance against TSA-induced apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of LIV1 expression on the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to TSA. We tested the induction of LIV1 in ovarian cancer cells and clinical samples after TSA treatment by real-time PCR and western blot analysis. We investigated the effect of LIV1 expression on the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to TSA by MTT assay, flow cytometry and colony forming assays. Finally, we analyzed the mechanism of LIV1 in ovarian cancer cells by western blot analysis. We found that the levels of LIV1 mRNA and protein were significantly upregulated after TSA treatment. The viability and colony forming rates of the ovarian cancer cells transfected with AS-LIV1 (pCEP4 carrying antisense LIV1 cDNA) were obviously higher than the rates of the control as detected by MTT and colony forming assays, which could be reversed by FL-LIV1 (pCEP4 carrying full-length LIV1 cDNA). The apoptotic rate of the AS-LIV1 cells was markedly lower than the rate of the control as determined FACS. Using western blot analysis, we demostrated that the inhibition of TSA-induced apoptosis by knockdown of LIV1 might be associated with decreased endogenous levels of Bcl-2, enhanced levels of Bax and cleavage of procaspase-3. The present study suggests that the drug resistance of ovarian cancer cells to TSA may be related to expression of the LIV1 gene, and targeting LIV1 could be exploited as a novel strategy to more effectively kill ovarian cancer cells.