EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

American journal of medical genetics. Part A

A new syndrome of intellectual disability with dysmorphism due to TBL1XR1 deletion.


PMID 25425123

Abstract

We report here on an 8-year-old girl and her mother, both displaying similar facial dysmorphism, speech delay, and mild to moderate intellectual disability. Array-CGH studies revealed the same interstitial 3q26.32 microdeletion encompassing a single coding gene, TBL1XR1, in both patients. The TBL1XR1 protein, which has four WD40 repeats, has been shown to bind the nuclear corepressor (NCOR) and histone deacetylase-3 complexes (HDAC3). TBL1XR1 mutations have recently been implicated in autism spectrum disorders, but our patients displayed no autistic behavior. Our findings suggest that TBL1XR1 haploinsufficiency can cause intellectual disability with a recognizable dysmorphism, without necessarily causing autistic behavior.