Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine

Effect of ulinastatin combined rivaroxaban on deep vein thrombosis in major orthopedic surgery.

PMID 25441995


To explore the effect of ulinastatin (UTI) continuous infusion combined Rivaroxaban on the deep vein thrombosis in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery. Forty-five patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery were randomly divided into three groups:ulinastatin continuous infusion (Uc) group, ulinastatin single injection (Us) group and control (C) group. All patients received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after operation, and took Rivaroxaban 10 mg orally 12 hours after operation. Ulinastatin (5 000 U/kg) was given intravenously to both Uc and Us groups preoperatively. Group C was given isometric normal saline, group Uc was pumped UTI continuous intravenously at the end of surgery (10 000 U/kg) to 48 hours through PCIA pump. The values of hematocrit (HCT), thrombomodulin (TM), Interleukin (IL-6), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), D-Dimer (D-D) were normally tested before surgery (T1), at the end of the surgery (T2), 12 hours (T3), 24 hours (T4) and 48 hours (T5) after surgery. Compared with T1, there was an upward tendency in TM, IL-6, TAT, and D-D after operation in group C group (P<0.05). The values of them were significantly increased from nearly 24-hour after surgery in Us group (P<0.05). In group Uc, there were no significant changes in these indices after operation (P>0.05). During the perioperative period, ulinastatin continuous infusion combined Rivaroxaban can correct blood hypercoagulability through different approaches in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery.