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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

The hsp70 inhibitor VER155008 induces paraptosis requiring de novo protein synthesis in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells.


PMID 25450359

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the effect of the hsp70 inhibitor VER155008 on survival of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) cells. In ATC cells, VER155008 increased the percentages of dead cells and vacuolated cells. VER155008 did not lead to the cleavage of caspase-3 protein regardless of pretreatment with z-VAD-fmk. VER155008 increased LC3-II protein levels but the protein levels were not changed by autophagy inhibitors. VER155008 caused the dilatation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the increased mRNA levels of Bip and CHOP, suggesting paraptosis. VER155008-induced paraptosis was attenuated by pretreatment with cycloheximide. In conclusion, VER155008 induces paraptosis characterized by cytoplasmic vacuolation, independence of caspase, dilatation of ER and induction of ER stress markers in ATC cells. Moreover, VER155008-induced paraptosis requires de novo protein synthesis in ATC cells.