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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

p53 negatively regulates Pin1 expression under ER stress.


PMID 25451271

Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a major role in the development of many diseases. A previous study indicated that the apoptotic regulator p53 is significantly increased in response to ER stress and participates in ER stress-induced apoptosis. However, the regulators of p53 expression during ER stress are still not fully understood. Here, we investigated whether p53 contributes to the impairment of Pin1 signaling under ER stress. We found that treatment with thapsigargin, a stimulator of p53 expression and an inducer of ER stress, decreased Pin1 expression in HCT116 cells. Also, we identified functional p53 response elements (p53REs) in the Pin1 promoter. Overexpression of p53 significantly decreased Pin1 expression in HCT116 cells while abolition of p53 gene expression induced Pin1 expression. Pin1 expression was significantly increased by treatment with the p53 inhibitor pifithrin-α or down-regulation of p53 expression. Taken together, ER stress decreased Pin1 expression through p53 activation, and this mechanism may be associated with ER stress-induced cell death. These data reported here support the importance of Pin1 as a potential target molecule mediating tumor development.