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Neuroscience letters

GABA-mediated modulation of ATP-induced intracellular calcium responses in nodose ganglion neurons of the rat.


PMID 25451727

Abstract

We examined ATP-induced intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) responses in the neurons and satellite cells from one of the viscerosensory ganglia, the nodose ganglion (NG), as well as the GABA-mediated modulation of ATP-induced neuronal [Ca(2+)]i responses using intracellular calcium imaging. In neurons with satellite cells, ATP induced [Ca(2+)]i increases in both the neurons and satellite cells. The P2X receptor agonist, α,β-meATP, induced [Ca(2+)]i increases in neurons and this response was inhibited by the P2X receptor antagonist, PPADS. On the other hand, the P2Y receptor agonist, ADP, induced [Ca(2+)]i increases in satellite cells, and this response was inhibited by the P2Y receptor antagonist, MRS2179. RT-PCR detected the expression of P2X2, P2X3, P2Y1, and P2Y2 receptor mRNAs in NG extracts. Immunohistochemistry revealed that NG neurons and satellite cells were immunoreactive to P2X2 and P2X3, and P2Y1 and P2Y2 receptors, respectively. In isolated neurons, the ATP-evoked [Ca(2+)]i increase was inhibited by GABA. However, in neurons with satellite cells, the GABAA receptor antagonist, bicuculline, enhanced the ATP-induced [Ca(2+)]i increase in neurons. These results suggest that viscerosensory neuronal excitability may be modulated by GABA from satellite cells in NG.

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