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Acta haematologica

Relationships of mean platelet volume and plasma thrombopoietin with glycocalicin levels in thrombocytopenic patients.


PMID 25472766

Abstract

Relationships of mean platelet volume (MPV) and thrombopoietin (TPO) with platelet turnover assessed by glycocalicin measurement were evaluated in thrombocytopenic patients. MPV, glycocalicin and platelet-associated IgG (PA-IgG) were measured in 107 patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and 19 patients with hypoproductive thrombocytopenia (HPT; aplastic anemia or leukemia), and TPO was measured in 53 ITP and 12 HPT patients. All the included ITP patients had PA-IgG ≥300% and glycocalicin ≥50% of control values, and HPT patients had PA-IgG <300% and glycocalicin <50% of control values. MPV was higher in ITP than in HPT patients: 9.56 ± 1.69 and 7.59 ± 0.90 fl (p < 0.001). In the ITP group a direct correlation was detected between MPV and glycocalicin (r = 0.344, p < 0.001). This interaction was essentially expressed in patients with normal/increased glycocalicin (≥100% of control; r = 0.470, p < 0.001, n = 64). TPO was greatly enhanced in HPT in comparison with ITP patients (958 ± 659 and 11 ± 27 pg/ml, p < 0.001). In the ITP group a reverse correlation was detected between TPO and glycocalicin (r = -0.373, p = 0.006).