Transplantation proceedings

Hepatocellular protein profiles after hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury with or without octreotide preconditioning in a rabbit model.

PMID 25498038


Hepatic ischemic/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a major complication of liver resection and transplantation. Octreotide, a somatostatin analogue, has been used to treat hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension; however, its function against HIRI remains unclear. To elucidate the effect of octreotide in HIRI, we investigated the hepatocellular protein profiles in response to octreotide preconditioning in a rabbit model by using proteomic analysis. Twenty-four rabbits were divided into 3 groups: the sham operative group (control), the ischemia/reperfusion group (IR), and the ischemia/reperfusionxa0+ octreotide group (IR+Oct). They were subjected to 30 minutes of normothermic ischemia followed byxa0120 minutes of reperfusion by using Pringle's maneuver method. Proteomic studies werexa0then performed to compare the protein profiles of their left liver lobe. A total of 16 differential proteins were successfully identified. These findings suggest that octreotide might exert an effect against HIRI through up-regulating the expression of the anti-injury substances, such as heat-shock proteins 70 and 27 (confirmed by using Western blot analysis); significantly raising the phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein that alleviates IR-related apoptosis; and down-regulating mitochondrial metabolic enzymes such as NADH2 dehydrogenase and triosephosphate isomerase.