Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology

Anti-LeY antibody enhances therapeutic efficacy of celecoxib against gastric cancer by downregulation of MAPKs/COX-2 signaling pathway: correlation with clinical study.

PMID 25527419


Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major causative agent for the induction of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and gastric cancer. Celecoxib (COX-2 inhibitor) inhibits gastric cancer cell proliferation, but with low treatment efficacy, limiting its applications. It is important to develop a better strategy to improve the efficacy of celecoxib. Lewis Y (LeY) is a difucosylated oligosaccharide, highly expressed in 60-90% of human epithelial cancers, including gastric cancer. We previously found that H. pylori infection was associated with high level of LeY in gastric cancer. Herein, we analyzed the correlation between H. pylori and cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), LeY, gastric markers (CA724 and GRN) in gastric patient's tissue and serum samples by IHC and ELISA. Furthermore, we treated the primary gastric cancer cells with celecoxib, anti-LeY antibody or the combination, and analyzed their therapeutic efficacy on CA724, GRN and COX-2 expression by Western blot, flow cytometry and ELISA. We found that gastric cancer had significantly high expression of H. pylori, COX-2, CA724, and GRN compared to gastric ulcers and chronic gastritis (P < 0.0001). H. pylori level showed significant correlation with COX-2 (R--0.552), LeY (R--0.861), CA724 (R--0.714) and GRN (R--0.664) (P < 0.0001). Additionally, the combination therapy led to impressive inhibition of gastric cancer cell proliferation, with decreased expression of COX-2, CA724 and GRN through downregulation of MAPKs/COX-2 pathway (P < 0.01). Our findings suggest that anti-LeY antibody enhances the cancer cell proliferation inhibitory effects of celecoxib, which might be a new feasible way for gastric cancer therapy.