Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire

MicroRNA-139-5p regulates C2C12 cell myogenesis through blocking Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

PMID 25529604


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are novel and potent regulators in myogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms that many miRNAs regulate myoblast proliferation and differentiation which are largely unknown. Here, we found that miR-139-5p increased during C2C12 myoblast proliferation, while presenting an inverse trend during C2C12 myoblast differentiation. Flow cytometry and EdU incorporation assay showed that miR-139-5p slowed down the growth of C2C12 cells. Additional study demonstrated that ectopic introduction of miR-139-5p into C2C12 cells blocked myoblast differentiation. Importantly, we demonstrated for the first time that Wnt1, which is associated with the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, was a direct target of miR-139-5p. Moreover, we found that the expression level of Wnt1 was suppressed significantly (p < 0.01) by miR-139-5p, which triggered inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling through upregulation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β; p < 0.05) and downregulation of p-GSK-3β (p < 0.01), β-catenin (p < 0.05), and nuclear β-catenin (p < 0.01). Taken together, these results suggest that miR-139-5p is an important negative regulator in myogenesis through blocking the Wnt1-mediated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.