Skeletal consequences of RANKL-blocking antibody (IK22-5) injections during growth: mouse strain disparities and synergic effect with zoledronic acid.

PMID 25532478


High doses of bone resorption inhibitors are currently under evaluation in pediatric oncology. Previous works have evidenced transient arrest in long bone and skull bone growth and tooth eruption blockage when mice were treated with zoledronic acid (ZOL). The question of potential similar effects with a RANKL-blocking antibody (IK22.5) was raised. Sensitivity disparities in these inhibitors between mouse strains and synergic effects of zoledronic acid and a RANKL-blocking antibody were subsidiary questions. In order to answer these questions, newborn C57BL/6J and CD1 mice were injected every two or three days (4 injections in total so 7 or 10 days of treatment length) with high doses of a RANKL-blocking antibody. The consequences on the tibia, craniofacial bones and teeth were analyzed by μCT and histology at the end of the treatment and one, two and three months later. The results obtained showed that RANKL-blocking antibody injections induced a transient arrest of tibia and skull bone growth and an irreversible blockage of tooth eruption in C57BL/6J mice. In CD1 mice, tooth eruption defects were also present but only at much higher doses. Similar mouse strain differences were obtained with zoledronic acid. Finally, a synergic effect of the two inhibitors was evidenced. In conclusion as previously observed for bisphosphonates (ZOL), a RANKL-blocking antibody induced a transient arrest in long bone and skull bone growth and a blockage of tooth eruption with however disparities between mouse strains with regard to this last effect. A synergic effect of both bone resorption inhibitors was also demonstrated.