The Journal of biological chemistry

Tissue-specific expression of four types of rat calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II mRNAs.

PMID 2553697


cDNA clones for a fifth polypeptide of rat brain calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II were isolated and sequenced. The cDNA sequence encoded a polypeptide, designated delta, consisting of 533 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 60,080. Comparison of amino acid sequences of this and alpha, beta, beta', and gamma polypeptides of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II reveals marked homology among them. The mRNAs for delta were expressed in rat brain tissues with different regional specificities. The distribution of alpha, beta/beta', gamma, and delta mRNAs in cerebrum, skeletal muscle, diaphragm, heart, small intestine, uterus, aorta, liver, kidney, lung, and testis were examined by RNA blot hybridization analysis with probes specific for the respective mRNAs. A 3.9-kilobase (kb) RNA species hybridizable with a probe for gamma was found in all the tissues examined, and 4.0-4.2-kb RNA species hybridizable with a probe for delta were found in all the tissues examined except for liver, while a 4.8-kb RNA species hybridizable with a probe for alpha and a 4.2-kb RNA species hybridizable with a probe for beta were present in brain but not in the other tissues. With the alpha probe, however, a 4.1- and 2.6-kb RNA species were both detected in skeletal muscle and diaphragm. With the beta probe, a 4.3-kb RNA in skeletal muscle and diaphragm, 2.9-kb RNA in small intestine, and 4.0-kb RNA in testis were detected. With the delta probe, a 3.5-kb RNA in heart and 1.8-kb RNA in testis were detected. Thus, gamma and delta mRNAs were expressed in various tissues, while alpha and beta/beta' mRNAs were primarily, if not exclusively, expressed in brain.