Activity-associated effect of LDL receptor missense variants located in the cysteine-rich repeats.

PMID 25545329


The LDL receptor (LDLR) is a Class I transmembrane protein critical for the clearance of cholesterol-containing lipoprotein particles. The N-terminal domain of the LDLR harbours the ligand-binding domain consisting of seven cysteine-rich repeats of approximately 40 amino acids each. Mutations in the LDLR binding domain may result in loss of receptor activity leading to familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). In this study the activity of six mutations located in the cysteine-rich repeats of the LDLR has been investigated. CHO-ldlA7 transfected cells with six different LDLR mutations have been used to analyse inxa0vitro LDLR expression, lipoprotein binding and uptake. Immunoblotting of cell extracts, flow cytometry and confocal microscopy have been performed to determine the effects of these mutations. In silico analysis was also performed to predict the mutation effect. From the six mutations, p.Arg257Trp turned out to be a non-pathogenic LDLR variant whereas p.Cys116Arg, p.Asp168Asn, p.Asp172Asn, p.Arg300Gly and p.Asp301Gly were classified as binding-defective LDLR variants whose effect is not as severe as null allele mutations.