Journal of cellular physiology

Chemokine (C-C Motif) Ligand 5 is Involved in Tumor-Associated Dendritic Cell-Mediated Colon Cancer Progression Through Non-Coding RNA MALAT-1.

PMID 25546229


Tumor micro-environment is a critical factor in the development of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the inflammatory cytokines secreted by tumor-associated dendritic cells (TADCs) that contribute to enhanced migration, invasion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in colon cancer. The administration of recombinant human chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5), which is largely expressed by colon cancer surrounding TADCs, mimicked the stimulation of TADC-conditioned medium on migration, invasion, and EMT in colon cancer cells. Blocking CCL5 by neutralizing antibodies or siRNA transfection diminished the promotion of cancer progression by TADCs. Tumor-infiltrating CD11c(+) DCs in human colon cancer specimens were shown to produce CCL5. The stimulation of colon cancer progression by TADC-derived CCL5 was associated with the up-regulation of non-coding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT-1), which subsequently increased the expression of Snail. Blocking MALAT-1 significantly decreased the TADC-conditioned medium and CCL5-mediated migration and invasion by decreasing the enhancement of Snail, suggesting that the MALAT-1/Snail pathway plays a critical role in TADC-mediated cancer progression. In conclusion, the inhibition of CCL5 or CCL5-related signaling may be an attractive therapeutic target in colon cancer patients.