Journal of cellular physiology

Angiopoietin-1 protects the endothelial cells against advanced glycation end product injury by strengthening cell junctions and inhibiting cell apoptosis.

PMID 25546411


Endothelial dysfunction is a major characteristic of diabetic vasculopathy. Protection of the vascular endothelium is an essential aspect of preventing and treating diabetic vascular complications. Although Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is an important endothelial-specific protective factor, whether Ang-1 protects vascular cells undergoing advanced glycation end product (AGE) injury has not been investigated. The aim of the present study was to determine the potential effects of Ang-1 on endothelial cells after exposure to AGE. We show here that Ang-1 prevented AGE-induced vascular leakage by enhancing the adherens junctions between endothelial cells, and this process was mediated by the phosphorylation and membrane localization of VE-cadherin. Furthermore, Ang-1 also protected endothelial cells from AGE-induced death by regulating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt-dependent Bad phosphorylation. Our findings suggest that the novel protective mechanisms of Ang-1 on endothelium are achieved by strengthening endothelial cell junctions and reducing endothelial cell death after AGE injury.