The Journal of biological chemistry

Caveolin-1 regulates osteoclastogenesis and bone metabolism in a sex-dependent manner.

PMID 25561739


Lipid raft microdomains have important roles in various cellular responses. Caveolae are a specialized type of lipid rafts that are stabilized by oligomers of caveolin proteins. Here, we show that caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays a crucial role in the regulation of osteoclastogenesis. We found that caveolin-1 was dramatically up-regulated by receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), the osteoclast differentiation factor. Knockdown of Cav-1 reduced osteoclastogenesis and induction of NFATc1, the master transcription factor for osteoclastogenesis, by RANKL. Consistent with the in vitro results, injection of caveolin-1 siRNA onto mice calvariae showed reduction in RANKL-induced bone resorption and osteoclast formation. Moreover, Cav-1(-/-) female mice had higher bone volume and lower osteoclast number compared with wild type mice. However, Cav-1(-/-) male mice had both osteoclast and osteoblast numbers higher than wild type mice with no difference in bone volume. The sex dependence in the effect of Cav-1 deficiency was partly attributed to decreased receptor activator of nuclear factor κB and increased cFms expression in osteoclast precursors of female and male mice, respectively. Taken together, these data demonstrate that Cav-1 has a complicated but critical role for osteoclastogenesis.