Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

Online breath analysis of propofol during anesthesia: clinical application of membrane inlet-ion mobility spectrometry.

PMID 25565144


Breath analysis of propofol is a potential noninvasive method for approximating the plasma propofol concentration. There have been various reported techniques for measuring the exhaled propofol concentration at steady state; however, the propofol concentration undergoes marked changes during clinical anesthesia. Therefore, this study investigated the use of membrane inlet-ion mobility spectrometry (MI-IMS) to monitor exhaled propofol discontinuously and continuously during propofol anesthesia. The study included 19 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II. In experiment I (discontinuous study), breath and blood samples were collected discontinuously, with stable target propofol concentrations of 2.8 μg/ml, 3.2 μg/ml, 3.5 μg/ml, and 3.8 μg/ml. In experiment II (continuous study), propofol concentration was maintained at 3.5 μg/ml after induction, and exhaled breath was collected continuously every 3 min during propofol infusion. Relationships of the exhaled propofol concentration with the plasma propofol concentration, measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and the continuously measured bispectral (BIS) index were investigated. Comparison of the exhaled and plasma propofol concentrations revealed a bias ± precision of 2.1% ± 14.6% (95% limits of agreement: - 26.5-30.7%) in experiment I and - 10.4% ± 13.2 (- 36.3-15.4%) in experiment II. In both experiments, exhaled propofol concentrations measured by MI-IMS were consistent with, the propofol effect represented by the BIS index. MI-IMS may be a suitable method to predict plasma propofol concentration online during propofol anesthesia. Monitoring exhaled propofol may improve the safety of propofol anesthesia.