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The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Extracellular glutamate exposure facilitates group I mGluR-mediated epileptogenesis in the hippocampus.


PMID 25568123

Abstract

Stimulation of group I mGluRs elicits several forms of translation-dependent neuronal plasticity including epileptogenesis. The translation process underlying plasticity induction is controlled by repressors including the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). In the absence of FMRP-mediated repression, a condition that occurs in a mouse model (Fmr1(-/-)) of fragile X syndrome, group I mGluR-activated translation is exaggerated causing enhanced seizure propensity. We now show that glutamate exposure (10 μm for 30 min) reduced FMRP levels in wild-type mouse hippocampal slices. Downregulation of FMRP was dependent on group I mGluR activation and was blocked by a proteasome inhibitor (MG-132). Following glutamate exposure, synaptic stimulation induced prolonged epileptiform discharges with properties similar to those observed in Fmr1(-/-) preparations. In both cases, prolonged epileptiform discharges were blocked by group I mGluR antagonists (LY367385 + MPEP) and their induction was prevented by protein synthesis inhibitor (anisomycin). The results suggest that stimulation of group I mGluRs during glutamate exposure caused proteolysis of FMRP. Reduction of FMRP led to enhanced synaptic group I mGluR-mediated translation. Elevated translation facilitated the recruitment of group I mGluR-mediated prolonged epileptiform discharges.

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