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Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy

Evaluation of the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of a single bolus injection of daptomycin in healthy Japanese subjects.


PMID 25572140

Abstract

This was a phase I double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-period, single-dose, crossover study in healthy Japanese subjects to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of a single bolus injection of daptomycin. Twenty healthy subjects were randomized; 16 received a single intravenous (IV) administration of 6 mg/kg of daptomycin and 4 received a single intravenous administration of placebo (0.9% sodium chloride) by either bolus injection (10 s) or infusion (30 min) following an overnight fast in Periods 1 or 2. There was a minimum 5-day washout period from the administration in Period 1 to the administration in Period 2. Administration of a single bolus injection of daptomycin 6 mg/kg was generally well tolerated. The geometric mean ratios (GMRs) (90% confidence intervals [CIs]) for AUC0-∞, AUC0-24 h, Cmax, and C24 h of daptomycin in plasma following bolus injection over 10 s relative to IV infusion over 30 min were 1.01 (1.00, 1.03), 1.02 (1.00, 1.03), 1.50 (1.41, 1.60) and 1.05 (1.02, 1.08), respectively. Because no existing studies of this nature were available, Cmax following daptomycin 6 mg/kg/10 s multiple-dose bolus injections was simulated. It was estimated at 178 μg/mL (upper limit) and was expected to be equal to or less than the confirmed Cmax in Japanese or non-Japanese healthy subjects following single- or multiple-dose IV infusion over 30 min. From the results of this study, daptomycin multiple-dose bolus injections over 10 s are expected well tolerated and to have similar Cmax values as IV infusion over 30 min, thus offering potential clinical benefit. Because this was a phase I trial in healthy subjects, the trial was not registered.