Journal of inorganic biochemistry

Evaluation of the cell cytotoxicity and DNA/BSA binding and cleavage activity of some dioxidovanadium(V) complexes containing aroylhydrazones.

PMID 25575303


Three dioxidovanadium(V) complexes [VO2L(1-3)] (1-3) [HL(1)=1-napthoyl hydrazone of 2-acetyl pyridine, HL(2)=2-furoyl hydrazone of 2-acetyl pyridine and H2L(3)=isonicotinoyl hydrazone of 2-hydroxy benzaldehyde] have been reported. All the complexes were characterized by various spectroscopy (IR, UV-visible and NMR) and the molecular structures of 1 and 2 were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. Structural report established five-coordinate geometries, distorted toward square pyramidal for each of 1 and 2, based on a tridentate -O,N,N coordinating anion and two oxido-O atoms. The experimental results show that the complexes interact with calf-thymus DNA (CT-DNA) possibly by a groove binding mode, with binding constants of ~10(5)M(-1). All complexes show good photo-induced cleavage of pUC19 supercoiled plasmid DNA with complex 1 showing the highest photo-induced DNA cleavage activity of ~68%. 1-3 also exhibit moderate binding affinity in the range of 10(3)-10(4)M(-1) towards bovine serum albumin (BSA), while all the complexes show good photo-induced BSA cleavage activity. Moreover the antiproliferative activity of all these complexes was studied, which reveal all compounds are significantly cytotoxic towards the HeLa cell line.