Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine

Bioactive IGF-1 release from collagen-GAG scaffold to enhance cartilage repair in vitro.

PMID 25577208


Tissue engineering is a promising technique for cartilage repair. Toward this goal, a porous collagen-glycosaminoglycan (CG) scaffold was loaded with different concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and evaluated as a growth factor delivery device. The biological response was assessed by monitoring the amount of type II collagen and proteoglycan synthesised by the chondrocytes seeded within the scaffolds. IGF-1 release was dependent on the IGF-1 loading concentration used to adsorb IGF-1 onto the CG scaffolds and the amount of IGF-1 released into the media was highest at day 4. This initial IGF-1 release could be modelled using linear regression analysis. Osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes seeded within scaffolds containing adsorbed IGF-1 deposited decorin and type II collagen in a dose dependent manner and the highest type II collagen deposition was achieved via loading the scaffold with 50 μg/ml IGF-1. Cells seeded within the IGF-1 loaded scaffolds also deposited more extracellular matrix than the no growth factor control group thus the IGF-1 released from the scaffold remained bioactive and exerted an anabolic effect on OA chondrocytes. The effectiveness of adsorbing IGF-1 onto the scaffold may be due to protection of the molecule from proteolytic digestion allowing a more sustained release of IGF-1 over time compared to adding multiple doses of exogenous growth factor. Incorporating IGF-1 into the CG scaffold provided an initial therapeutic burst release of IGF-1 which is beneficial in initiating ECM deposition and repair in this in vitro model and shows potential for developing this delivery device in vivo.