Selenium Deficiency Facilitates Inflammation Through the Regulation of TLR4 and TLR4-Related Signaling Pathways in the Mice Uterus.

PMID 25577343


Selenium (Se) is an essential nutritional trace element that affects the development and function of the reproductive system. Endometritis is a reproductive obstacle disease that can seriously reduce the reproductive capacity of animal. To study the effects of dietary Se deficiency on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mice endometritis, we generated a model of LPS-induced mice endometritis. The Se content in uterine tissues was detected by fluorescence spectrophotometry. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The extent of phosphorylation of IκBα, NF-κB p65, ERK, JNK, and p38 and the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) were detected with Western blots. The TLR4 messenger RNA (mRNA) was analyzed with qRT-PCR. The results indicated that dietary Se intake significantly influenced Se levels in uterine tissues. The Se-deficient mice model was successfully replicated, and Se deficiency exacerbated uterine tissue histopathology; increased the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6; facilitated the activation of TLR4; and enhanced the phosphorylation of IκBα, p65, ERK, JNK, and p38 in LPS-induced mice endometritis. Also, the effects were inhibited by a supplement of Se. In conclusion, our studies demonstrated that Se deficiency makes mice uterus more prone to inflammation. An appropriate Se supplement could enhance the immune condition of the uterus.