Oral diseases

Plumbagin suppresses tumor cell growth in oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines.

PMID 25580997


Plumbagin (PL), a naturally occurring quinoid, exerts antitumoral effects in diverse types of cancer cells. However, the effect of PL on tumor cell proliferation in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains poorly understood. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of PL, in human OSCC cells. The effect of PL on the cell growth and apoptosis of OSCC cell lines was evaluated using MTT and Annexin V assays, respectively. The effect of PL on mitochondrial membrane potential loss and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was evaluated using flow cytometry analysis. MTT assay showed that PL dose-dependently suppressed OSCC cell growth, with IC50 values ranging from 3.87 to 14.6 μM. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that PL treatment resulted in a significant decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and an increase in the number of apoptotic cells. Notably, ROS generation was significantly elevated after PL treatment. Furthermore, a ROS scavenger, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), clearly suppressed the decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, increase of caspase-3/7 activity, and apoptosis after PL treatment. This study provides the considerable evidence of the tumor-suppressive effect of PL, thereby highlighting its therapeutic potential for OSCC treatment.