Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Evaluation of a rapid method for the therapeutic drug monitoring of aliskiren, enalapril and its active metabolite in plasma and urine by UHPLC-MS/MS.

PMID 25589258


Given the increasing popularity of aliskiren, particularly in combination with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (e.g. enalapril), it is important to determine whether its use in combination with these agents is associated with potentially life threatening safety events. Analytical methods for the simultaneous determination of both drugs in plasma and urine utilized in clinical studies on efficacy and safety have not been fully described in the literature. In this work, a new, fast and reliable method using a digitally controlled microextraction by packed sorbent (eVol(®)-MEPS) followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was developed and validated to quantify an aliskiren, enalapril and its active metabolite in both human plasma and urine. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on a Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column with a gradient elution system consisting of 0.1% formic acid in water and acetonitrile (1.5min of total analysis). Detection was performed by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode using electrospray ionization in the positive ion mode. This assay method has been fully validated in terms of selectivity, linearity, accuracy, precision, stability, recovery and matrix effect. The developed method can be applied to the routine determination of selected compounds in human plasma and urine and can be useful to elucidate the mechanisms of the potential risks triggered by the combination of aliskiren and enalapril as well as its active metabolite enalaprilat.