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Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

Active contractility at E-cadherin junctions and its implications for cell extrusion in cancer.


PMID 25590779

Abstract

Cellular contractility regulates tissue cohesion and morphogenesis. In epithelia, E-cadherin adhesion couples the contractile cortices of neighboring cells together to produce tension at junctions that can be transmitted across the epithelium in a planar fashion. We have recently demonstrated that contractility is also patterned in the apical-lateral axis within epithelial junctions. Our findings highlight the role that cytoskeletal regulation plays in controlling the levels of intra-junctional tension. Of note, dysregulation of this apicolateral pattern of tension can drive oncogenic cell extrusion. In this article, we provide a detailed description of the actomyosin cytoskeleton organization during oncogenic extrusion and discuss the implications of cell extrusion in cancer.