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Nuclear medicine communications

⁹⁹mTc-labeled single-domain antibody EG2 in targeting epidermal growth factor receptor: an in-vitro and mouse model in-vivo study.


PMID 25591074

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the targeting ability and metabolic characteristics of the technetium-99m-labeled single-domain antibody (⁹⁹mTc-sdAb) EG2 targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) through an in-vitro and in-vivo study. The sdAb EG2 was radiolabeled with Tc using a tricarbonyl kit. The EGFR expression level of A431 and OCM-1 cells was confirmed using immunofluorescence staining. Cell binding, blocking, uptake, and efflux studies were performed to investigate the binding specificity of ⁹⁹mTc-sdAb EG2 in vitro. Single-photon emission computed tomography imaging and biodistribution studies were used to explore the targeting abilities and metabolic characteristics of Tc-sdAb EG2 in vivo. ⁹⁹mTc-sdAb EG2 was successfully prepared with labeling yields of 60-71% and specific activity of 1.83±0.29 GBq/mg (n=3). Immunofluorescence staining revealed high and low EGFR expression on the surface of A431 and OCM-1 cells, respectively. The binding affinity of ⁹⁹mTc-sdAb EG2 to A431 cells was 43.53±1.89 nmol/l. ⁹⁹mTc-sdAb EG2 uptake in A431 cells in vitro could be blocked by ∼19, 40, and 66% in the presence of excess unlabeled sdAb EG2 at 100, 500, and 1000 nmol/l, respectively. Single-photon emission computed imaging indicated that A431 tumor images could be clearly displayed at early scan time points after ⁹⁹mTc-sdAb EG2 injection, even as early as 1 h. Biodistribution study showed that the A431 tumor uptake of ⁹⁹mTc-sdAb EG2 was blocked by about 51% at 3 h after coinjecting excess of sdAb EG2. However, there were almost no OCM-1 tumor images at the corresponding scan time points and the OCM-1 tumor uptake was only 0.40±0.13% injected dose per gram of tissue (n=5) at 3 h. This study demonstrated that sdAb EG2 can effectively target EGFR in vitro and in vivo in tumors, suggesting that it could be used as a molecular probe for EGFR detection.