Ultrasound in medicine & biology

Ultrasound modulates skeletal muscle cytokine levels in rats with heart failure.

PMID 25619785


Heart failure is a multisystemic disorder that leads to an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Therapeutic ultrasound (TU) has been reported to modulate the inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of TU on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels in soleus muscle and plasma of rats with heart failure. Thirty male Wistar rats (230-260 g) were submitted to ligation of the left coronary artery or sham surgery. Six weeks after surgery, TU was administered directly to the right lower limb. The results indicate that TU promotes reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokine levels (tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin-6) and increases anti-inflammatory cytokine levels (interleukin-10) in the soleus muscle of rats with heart failure. This is the first study to find that TU can modulate cytokine levels in rats with heart failure. Additionally, this is a first report that TU can modulate interleukin-10 levels in the soleus muscle.