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British journal of anaesthesia

Intra-breath arterial oxygen oscillations detected by a fast oxygen sensor in an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome.


PMID 25631471

Abstract

There is considerable interest in oxygen partial pressure (Po2) monitoring in physiology, and in tracking Po2 changes dynamically when it varies rapidly. For example, arterial Po2 ([Formula: see text]) can vary within the respiratory cycle in cyclical atelectasis (CA), where [Formula: see text] is thought to increase and decrease during inspiration and expiration, respectively. A sensor that detects these [Formula: see text] oscillations could become a useful diagnostic tool of CA during acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We developed a fibreoptic Po2 sensor (<200 µm diameter), suitable for human use, that has a fast response time, and can measure Po2 continuously in blood. By altering the inspired fraction of oxygen ([Formula: see text]) from 21 to 100% in four healthy animal models, we determined the linearity of the sensor's signal over a wide range of [Formula: see text] values in vivo. We also hypothesized that the sensor could measure rapid intra-breath [Formula: see text] oscillations in a large animal model of ARDS. In the healthy animal models, [Formula: see text] responses to changes in [Formula: see text] were in agreement with conventional intermittent blood-gas analysis (n=39) for a wide range of [Formula: see text] values, from 10 to 73 kPa. In the animal lavage model of CA, the sensor detected [Formula: see text] oscillations, also at clinically relevant [Formula: see text] levels close to 9 kPa. We conclude that these fibreoptic [Formula: see text] sensors have the potential to become a diagnostic tool for CA in ARDS.