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Inflammation

Protective Effects of Arachidonic Acid Against Paraquat-Induced Pulmonary Injury.


PMID 25633425

Abstract

In this study, we aimed to study the effects of arachidonic acid (AA) on acute lung injury (ALI) caused by paraquat (PQ) in mice. Male Kunming mice were randomly divided into three groups: control group, PQ group, and PQ + AA group (n = 24). The mice in the PQ and PQ + AA groups received a single oral dose of 20 mg/kg bodyweight PQ, and the mice of the PQ + AA group were challenged by 500 mg/kg bodyweight AA posttreatment 2 h after PQ administration. The results indicated that the administration of AA significantly increased the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), decreased the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO), the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), and the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Pathological examination also revealed that AA effectively alleviated PQ-induced histological damage. Furthermore, AA significantly reduced PQ-induced upregulations of inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8. These results demonstrated that AA had effective protection against PQ-induced ALI.