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Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis

Impact of impaired glucose tolerance on clopidogrel response in patients with coronary artery disease.


PMID 25633821

Abstract

Although patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are at increased atherothrombotic risk, it is unclear how antiplatelet drugs act in patients with IGT. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacodynamic response to clopidogrel in patients with IGT and insulin resistance (IR). A 75xa0g oral glucose tolerance test was performed in 65 coronary artery disease (CAD) patients on aspirin and clopidogrel therapy. Platelet function tests were assessed at 3 time-points by light transmittance aggregometry using ADP (5 and 20xa0μmol/L) stimuli. 30 patients had IGT and 35 normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Among them, 13 patients showed IR. Following ADP stimuli, patients with IGT showed significantly higher maximal platelet aggregation at each time point than those with NGT patients. This resulted in greater high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) rates at each time point in IGT patients (53.3-36.7 vs. 14.3-11.4xa0%, pxa0