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Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Impact of the emergence and re-emergence of different dengue viruses' serotypes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2010 to 2012.


PMID 25634640

Abstract

Rio de Janeiro (RJ) has been of major importance for the epidemiology of dengue viruses (DENVs) in Brazil. After the DENV 1-4 introductions in 1986, 1990, 2000 and 2011, respectively, the state has suffered explosive epidemics. We aimed to describe laboratorial, epidemiological and clinical aspects due to the emergence and re-emergence of distinct DENV in a 2-year period. Suspected dengue cases (n=2833), including 190 fatal cases, were submitted to virus isolation, RT-PCR and non-structural 1 (NS1) antigen capture ELISA, IgM antibody-capture (MAC)-ELISA and IgG-ELISA. Case confirmation was 47.5%. MAC-ELISA confirmed 32.6% of the cases, RT-PCR confirmed 56.3%; DENV was recovered in 33.1% of samples inoculated and NS1 ELISA confirmed 27.5% of the cases. DENV-2 was prevalent in 2010, DENV-1 in 2011 and DENV-4 in 2012. Individuals infected by DENV-3 and over 65 years-old, and children 15 years-old and under infected by DENV-2 had a significantly higher risk of developing a severe disease. Fatal cases confirmed (n=67) were due to DENV-1 (26.8%), DENV-2 (14.9%), DENV-3 (2.9%) and DENV-4 (7.4%). It has been shown here that viral emergences or re-emergences may play different roles in the disease epidemiology, especially when many serotypes co-circulate.