The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology

Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) water extract inhibits paracetamol-induced toxicity in primary rat hepatocytes via reducing CYP2E1 activity and oxidative stress.

PMID 25645193


This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) water extract (DSE) and its major phenolic acid components against CYP2E1-mediated paracetamol (APAP)-induced hepatic toxicity. The protection and underlying mechanisms were detected in CYP2E1 overexpression primary rat hepatocytes by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, alamar blue assay, CYP2E1 inhibition assay and glutathione assay. After APAP treatment, DSE (0.06-1 mg/ml) significantly increased cell viability in MTT assay. Two major components danshensu (8.2-130.5 μm) and salvianolic acid B (Sal B; 3.3-53.5 μm) mainly contributed to this protection, but rosmarinic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde and Sal A did not. Alamar blue assay showed that DSE, danshensu and Sal B maintained mitochondrial metabolic activity. DSE inhibited CYP2E1 (Ki = 1.46 mg/ml) in a mixed mode in rat liver microsomes in vitro; DSE decreased APAP-induced total glutathione depletion and preserved redox status (GSH/GSSG ratio) in hepatocytes. Danshensu and Sal B did not inhibit CYP2E1 or decrease total glutathione depletion, but preserved redox status. DSE protected hepatocytes against APAP-induced injury via maintenance of mitochondrial metabolic activity, CYP2E1 inhibition, reduction of total glutathione depletion and preservation of redox status. Danshensu and Sal B were mainly responsible for this protection.

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