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Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN

AMPK Plays a Dual Role in Regulation of CREB/BDNF Pathway in Mouse Primary Hippocampal Cells.


PMID 25645685

Abstract

The hippocampus is vulnerable to damage under conditions of ischemia and hypoxia, causing multiple mental illnesses. cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) plays a pivotal role in preventing the apoptosis of neurons and many other cells. Here, we found that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and CREB are oppositely regulated in mouse primary hippocampal neurons impaired by hypoxia-hypoglycemia. AMPK overexpression reduced the CREB level by upregulating SIRT1 and was negatively posttranscriptionally regulated by miR-134, suggesting a negative regulatory role of AMPK in the expression of CREB. Interestingly, the downstream genes of CREB, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and Bcl-2 remained unchanged when CREB was downregulated by AMPK expression. In addition, in AMPK(-/-) primary hippocampal neurons, comparisons between the effect of upregulation and silencing of miR-134 on the expression of CREB, BDNF, and Bcl-2 were made. The results reveal that AMPK is crucial for the activation of CREB via phosphorylation. Therefore, AMPK plays a dual role in the regulation of CREB in mouse primary hippocampal cells: a negative effect on total CREB expression by elevating SIRT1/miR-134 and a positive effect on activity via phosphorylation.