Japanese journal of infectious diseases

Different Responses in MMP/TIMP Expression of U937 and HepG2 Cells to Dengue Virus Infection.

PMID 25672410


Disease severities following dengue virus (DV) infection are the result of increased vascular permeability leading to hypovolemic shock. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are believed to play a key role in promoting such severities. A previous study reported that supernatants of DV-infected dendritic cells (DCs), which contained high levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9, induced vascular leakage in a mouse model. In the present study, we investigated whether hepatocytes (HepG2) and monocytes (U937) could be additional sources of MMPs during DV infection. HepG2 and U937 cells were exposed to DV serotype 2 strain 16681. The secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was detected using gelatin zymography. We found that DV infection in the HepG2 cells promoted MMP-2 production while that in the U937 cells promoted MMP-9 production. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR results also confirmed that DV infection in the HepG2 cells up-regulated the expression of MMP-2 mRNA, whereas that in the U937 cells enhanced the expression of MMP-9 mRNA. We monitored the expression of endogenous TIMP-1 and TIMP-2. DV infection induced TIMP-1 expression in the U937 cells. However, lower expression of TIMP-2 was observed in the infected HepG2 cells. We believed that following DV infection, monocytes and hepatocytes can act as MMP-9 and MMP-2 producers, respectively. Their responses could be attributed to the disturbance of TIMP expression by DV in different cell types.