Breast cancer research and treatment

Prognostic significance of epithelial-mesenchymal transition proteins Twist and Foxc2 in phyllodes tumours of the breast.

PMID 25677742


Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), an important process during embryonic development, is reportedly exploited during tumour progression. Deregulation of EMT-related molecules has been shown in many malignancies, including breast carcinoma. We aim to investigate the clinical relevance and prognostic significance of EMT proteins, Twist and Foxc2, in breast phyllodes tumours (PTs). The study cohort comprised 271 PTs diagnosed from 2003 to 2010. Of these, 188 (69.4xa0%) were benign, 60 (22.1xa0%) borderline, and 23 (8.5xa0%) malignant. Immunohistochemistry for Twist and Foxc2 was performed on tissue microarray sections. Percentage of tumour cells stained was evaluated and correlated with clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcome. Twist and Foxc2 stromal nuclear expression was associated with tumour grade (Pxa0=xa00.038 and 0.012). Foxc2 stromal nuclear expression was positively correlated with epithelial expression (Pxa0